Notre Dame de Paris
The history of the Cathedral
The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.
Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.
During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.
But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading
Buildings and structures left on the planet since ancient times, for many centuries mind-boggling history buffs. From the Parthenon to the great Pyramid, it seems that there will be no end to the huge amount of information we can get from them. But often what can be observed above the ground pales in comparison to the amazing findings that are discovered under our feet. Whether they were ancient reservoirs, theaters, temples, or disguised strongholds. these monumental subterranean structures serve as a legacy of outstanding inventiveness of the people of the Ancient world.
10. Chavin de huantar. Peru
Pre-Columbian pilgrimage center of Chavin de huantar is approximately 12 thousand square meters. Consisting of artificial terraces and squares, built with Adobe bricks of buildings and the sunken Plaza, its impressive appearance confirms an important ceremonial and cultural importance of this place in the religious sphere of the ancient civilization of the Andes.
However, the essence of a place is its underground tunnels, ventilated mines, stone chambers and galleries. It is here you can see the engraved obelisks and statues in the place of their natural occurrence, and wonder the huge scale of the masonry of this building. In fact, sewage and ventilation network Continue reading
The St. Vitus Cathedral
Already more than 600 years, the roofs of Prague Castle can acquire a special charm thanks to the beautiful, ancient spires of St. Vitus Cathedral (St. Vitus Cathedral). This Cathedral is the original name of which is the Cathedral of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert, one of the largest and most special churches in the Czech Republic. Here is the Archbishop of Prague, and here were buried saints, kings, princes and emperors of Bohemia. There was crowned king of Bohemia until 1836. And besides, this Cathedral is a wonderful example of Gothic architecture.
If you go from the second courtyard to the third, then the first thing you notice will be the impressive Western part of the Cathedral of St. Vitus. There is also the main entrance to the Cathedral. This part of the Cathedral is the new, it was built in the late 19th and early 20th century (see history of the St. Vitus Cathedral). The Western part of the Cathedral can be described as: two high towers and a rotunda. The Creator of this rotunda – Frantisek Kysela, was inspired by old Gothic Windows in famous cathedrals in Paris. Notice the four figures at the bottom, two on each side. They are important people in the new reconstruction of the Cathedral.
When you continue your way to III internal courtyard, passing by the Old Provosty yard, you may Continue reading