Ancient underground structures
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE METRO a survey on the construction of the underground railroad in Moscow appeared at city Council repeatedly: in 1902, was considered the project of engineer…

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Gothic ornament in architecture
Gothic ornament in architecture and interior The Gothic style appeared in France in the twelfth century. It arose on the basis of the Romanesque style, which used the principle of…

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earth

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Why built the Great wall of China?

Why built the Great wall of China?

Semeiko was Vladimir, chief of staff of the FSA, honorary doctorate Brussels University, 07.11.2006

Says the President of the Academy of fundamental Sciences Andrey tyunyaev:

As you know, North of the territory of modern China, there was another, much more ancient civilization. This is repeatedly confirmed by archeological discoveries made in particular, in Eastern Siberia. Impressive evidence of this civilization, comparable to the Arkaim in the Urals, not only is still not well studied and understood world history, but never received a proper evaluation in Russia itself. As for the so-called “Chinese” walls, then talk about it as about the achievements of ancient Chinese civilization is not quite legitimate. Here to confirm our scientific correctness it is enough to cite only one fact. LOOPHOLES in large parts of the wall are NOT DIRECTED TO the NORTH AND SOUTH! And this is clearly evident not only in the most ancient, the reconstructed sections of the wall, but even on recent photosgrafik and in the works of Chinese figure.

Earlier by the Chinese themselves was a discovery about the ancient Chinese writing another nation. There is already published work showing that these people were Slavs Aryans.

So, who built the great wall, which today is called the Chinese? Whom and who was she protecting?

And my collection of photos on this topic.

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Creating a microclimate in underground structures

 

Introduction

Building of buildings and constructions under the ground has its own characteristics, the complexity increases when the object is built in the conditions of permafrost.

This is due to the special properties of permafrost, which should be considered when designing industrial and civil objects. The existing recommendations in this area focused mainly on the preservation of permafrost, the creation of special conditions that hinder the development of their thawing and degradacii their physico-mechanical properties .

Practical implementation of these recommendations has led to widespread use in these climate zones pile foundations, subfield ventilated, etc. significantly reduce the heat ducts from the buildings to the ground, which prevents them from thawing.

However, the need to ensure public safety in cases of technological disasters, the requirements of bodies for civil defense and emergencies give the task of construction of underground structures, including in the conditions of permafrost, a particular specificity.

The existing experience of building such facilities Continue reading

Notre Dame de Paris

Notre Dame de Paris

The history of the Cathedral

The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.

Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.

During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.

But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading

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A network underground tunnels under Europe
An extensive network of ancient underground tunnels discovered under Europe The ancient underground tunnels under Europe Once, a few years ago when I just started the idea to create this…

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Gothic architecture
Navigation As is often the case in art history, the term "Gothic" was initially a disparaging value. In 1533 Rabelais translated it into French, and a few decades later, Giorgio…

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