Megalithic constructions of the Urals.
Megalithic structures are one of the most impressive archaeological sites. Their various types are known in the Mediterranean, in parts of Northern Europe and on the Atlantic coast of Western Europe. Under this concept combined a variety of masonry structures: dolmens, avenues of menhirs, and rock gallery-tombs (Gimbutas 2006). In Eastern Europe up to the present time the only known megalithic structures were the dolmens of the Western Caucasus.
In recent years, appeared of megalithic monuments in the southern Urals, dated to the bronze age. Usually they are presented with avenues of menhirs, however, the sizes of these structures were not as impressive. Therefore, to call these megalithic structures with great care. However, studies over the last five years has led to the opening of a brand new Ural type of monuments that can be named megalithic with good reason.
The opening of the Ural dolmens was largely unexpected for experts, especially since it was made not by archaeologists. In the last 10 years the historians had published information about Ural dolmens, located to the North of the city Pyshma, Sverdlovsk region. The initiator of these searches were Cheerful A. A. and V. G. Nepomnyaschiy. They suggested that these are ancient monuments close to Caucasian and European structures of this Continue reading
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE METRO
a survey on the construction of the underground railroad in Moscow appeared at city Council repeatedly: in 1902, was considered the project of engineer P. I. Balinskiy, in 1912 — the project of engineer P. P. yureneva and others. In 1918-1920 architectural Studio, headed by A. V. Shchusev and I. V. Zholtovsky, in the reconstruction of the capital was proposed to construct the subway. This quick and convenient form of transport attracted the attention of specialists. But the need for it at the time is not yet ripe. If the existing sizes of passenger traffic could still do without the metro.
Before 1917, Moscow was served by two modes of public passenger transport — tram and horse riding. In the first years of Soviet power have increased the number of tram routes, and in 1924 opened bus traffic. By 1931 the population of the capital compared with the pre-revolutionary time has doubled. Moscow had a dense network of tram tracks and about 200 buses. 90% the volume of passenger transportation had the tram 9% — on the bus. The trams were overloaded beyond measure. On the bus was talking about how foreign the new. Then there was the need to build an underground road.
In 1931 on the basis of conducted surveys and engineering-geological Continue reading
British archaeologists have excavated one of the graves in the Stonehenge and found the remains of the child and the stone sculpture, which can be one of the first children’s toys in England. Age stone hedgehog (or pigs — scientists have not yet made a final decision) is estimated in 2 thousand years. “You can argue about whether a hedgehog or a pig, but I personally like the idea of a hedgehog,” says Joshua Pollard (Joshua Pollard) from the University of Bristol.
The yellow dot on the map of England – Stonehenge
A gigantic construction of Stonehenge is a stone Enigma in the very centre of England – so called this amazing monument is one of his researchers Dr. Omlor Trever, describing ancient monument of English history, located in the southern part of the British Isles. To date, archaeologists agreed that this architectural monument was built in three stages between 3500 and 1100 years BC . Originally Stonehenge I was a circular ditch with two rooms and possibly served as a cemetery. In a circle along the outer shaft located 56 small funeral “Aubrey holes” a”, named after John Aubrey, who first described them in the XVII century. To the North-East of the entrance to the ring was huge, seven-Heel stone.
During the construction of Stonehenge II was built earthen walkway between the Heel stone and the entrance. Have been erected two rings of 80 huge Continue reading