A brief introduction to the history of Gothic art as
Subculture-a subculture, but the story need to know :p
Gothic style, art style, which appeared to be the final stage in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and partly Eastern Europe (between the mid-12th and 15th-16th centuries.). The term “Gothic” was introduced in the Renaissance as pejorative designation of all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Since the beginning of the 19th century when the art of the 10 — 12th centuries. adopted the term Romanesque style, were limited to the chronological framework of Gothic, it was identified early, Mature (high) and late phase. Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of the feudal and ecclesiastical foundations remained in the ideology and culture of the Gothic era. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics: it was correlated with eternity, with “higher” irrational forces. For Gothic, a characteristic of symbolic-allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of the arts and traditional types of buildings. Special place in art was Gothic Cathedral — the highest example of synthesis of architecture, sculpture and painting (predominantly. stained-glass Windows). Incommensurable with the man the space of the Cathedral, verticalism its towers and arches, the subordination of sculpture architural dynamic rhythms, multi-colored glow of stained glass had a strong emotional impact on believers. Continue reading
Gothic ornament in architecture and interior
The Gothic style appeared in France in the twelfth century. It arose on the basis of the Romanesque style, which used the principle of clarity and transparency, the pursuit of constructive openness. The buildings and houses in the Gothic style are delicate, here applies the principle of uniformity of forms, and to achieve diversity, used numerous repeat elements, in different proportions, but similar in type. These elements created a feeling of delicate lace.
Gothic style in the interior
For the interior in the Gothic style is characterized by large Windows, various lighting effects, multi-window and accentuated the verticality of all structural members. Inherent in this style of features can be considered up desire, irrationality, ease, mysticism and expressiveness. Specific stylistic direction of the interior features Gothic ornament and stained glass in the traditional Gothic colours and shades. The stained glass is allowed to use not only Windows, but also on the deaf walls. As a complementary element of the interior in the Gothic style would look great tiled stove or a fireplace, luxuriously furnished. The ornament in the Gothic style is basically all the elements of the vegetable world, usually in the form of maple leaves and grapes, and geometric shape of the arch.
The colours in the aged ornament
Gothic Continue reading
Go to 700 years ago in Europe. SLIDE 1 AT this time throughout Western Europe began to grow in the city. They grew on the crossroads, on the banks of navigable rivers, where it was convenient to arrange the fair. Every town in those days needed protection turned into a real fortress, with towers and gates, which were closed every night. During the day the city was open for trading. VER 2
The width of the streets of the medieval city is highly varied. The widest street is 7-8 meters, and the smallest not more than 2 meters, or meter. One of the streets of Brussels “Street person” because two weren’t there to disperse. Traffic was pedestrians, animals and carts.
Closely appressed to each other houses with gabled roofs formed a solid wall of narrow streets. Everyone tried to build a house on his own. the most beautiful and splendid buildings overlooked the Central square. Continue reading