The ancient monastery of Punakha Dzong
The Punakha Dzong was known in ancient times as “the Palace of great happiness”. Punakha was built in 1637. This is the second Dzong built in Bhutan. Until 1955 Punakha was the capital of Bhutan, then the capital was moved to Thimphu. Now Punakha is the administrative centre of one of the 20 districts of Bhutan.
Myths and facts
The Dzong is situated at an altitude of 1200 meters above sea level in a valley where two main rivers of Bhutan, the Pho Chu and Mo Chu. Punakha is built on a hilly promontory. The rock rises above the river to a height of 10-storey building and stretched a length of 300 meters. The building looks like a big ship.
To the monastery are two of a number of steep steps. On both sides of the huge gate, studded with steel rivets, are little tunnels pierced in the wall of the colon. Above them are seen the narrow holes through which the monitored surroundings. Nestled in a mountain valley, cut off from all sides by winter snows and summer floods, Punakha looks absolutely impregnable. For all history of existence of this jonga no one could win. The Bhutanese, having sat behind the walls of this citadel, was challenged throughout Tibet and other invaders.
In 1907 there was crowned Ugyen wangchuck Continue reading
The most famous towers of the world
There’s just so much interesting that so want to visit every corner of the Planet. However, to do this, unfortunately, is possible only to units. But to learn something new and interesting. For example, today we talk about the world’s largest constructions.
Talking about famous towers in the world, it is impossible not to remember the very first structure, which had gathered around his erection thousands of people. This, of course, talking about the tower of Babel. the presence of which is confirmed not only by religious legends, but also historical evidence. This tower was a multi-level complex, which ended with the temple of Marduk under his dome.
Very often construction projects of a political or technical importance towered without the ambitions or goals to achieve the level of cultural monuments. That’s what happened with the construction of the world famous Eiffel tower in Paris, which now collects near every day hundreds of tourists from all over the world. Initially it disgusted the French, who considered the erection of ugliness for the whole city. Well-known cultural figures of the time opposed its construction and sent lots of petitions, notes of protest to the city administration. However, the “iron lady” Continue reading
A brief introduction to the history of Gothic art as
Subculture-a subculture, but the story need to know :p
Gothic style, art style, which appeared to be the final stage in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and partly Eastern Europe (between the mid-12th and 15th-16th centuries.). The term “Gothic” was introduced in the Renaissance as pejorative designation of all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Since the beginning of the 19th century when the art of the 10 — 12th centuries. adopted the term Romanesque style, were limited to the chronological framework of Gothic, it was identified early, Mature (high) and late phase. Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of the feudal and ecclesiastical foundations remained in the ideology and culture of the Gothic era. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics: it was correlated with eternity, with “higher” irrational forces. For Gothic, a characteristic of symbolic-allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of the arts and traditional types of buildings. Special place in art was Gothic Cathedral — the highest example of synthesis of architecture, sculpture and painting (predominantly. stained-glass Windows). Incommensurable with the man the space of the Cathedral, verticalism its towers and arches, the subordination of sculpture architural dynamic rhythms, multi-colored glow of stained glass had a strong emotional impact on believers. Continue reading