Notre Dame de Paris
The history of the Cathedral
The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.
Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.
During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.
But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading
A brief introduction to the history of Gothic art as
Subculture-a subculture, but the story need to know :p
Gothic style, art style, which appeared to be the final stage in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and partly Eastern Europe (between the mid-12th and 15th-16th centuries.). The term “Gothic” was introduced in the Renaissance as pejorative designation of all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Since the beginning of the 19th century when the art of the 10 — 12th centuries. adopted the term Romanesque style, were limited to the chronological framework of Gothic, it was identified early, Mature (high) and late phase. Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of the feudal and ecclesiastical foundations remained in the ideology and culture of the Gothic era. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics: it was correlated with eternity, with “higher” irrational forces. For Gothic, a characteristic of symbolic-allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of the arts and traditional types of buildings. Special place in art was Gothic Cathedral — the highest example of synthesis of architecture, sculpture and painting (predominantly. stained-glass Windows). Incommensurable with the man the space of the Cathedral, verticalism its towers and arches, the subordination of sculpture architural dynamic rhythms, multi-colored glow of stained glass had a strong emotional impact on believers. Continue reading
Mysterious spider tower had baffled even scientists
Surveying the trees in the forests of the Amazon, the graduate student found three others of similar design and reflected on their photos. Then he posted their pictures on various websiteOh, to find out what creature creates these structures. “They were all on a small island near the research center Tambopata and had small sizes – about 2 inches in diameter. Maybe someone will be able to explain their origin” said Troy to the visitors websites. But no one could give a clear answer. Moreover, tiny tower has baffled even scientists.
The first drew attention to the photosgraphy Troy biologist Phil Torres (Phil Torres) who has posted a linkson the page with mysterious photos on Twitter and thus began the discussion.
“I have no idea what it is and who has created this structure” said the entomologist from the Smithsonian tropical research Institute (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute), William Eberhard (William Eberhard).
“I saw photosgraphy, but was not able to understand which animal is responsible for creating the Continue reading