Megalithic constructions of the Urals.
Megalithic structures are one of the most impressive archaeological sites. Their various types are known in the Mediterranean, in parts of Northern Europe and on the Atlantic coast of Western Europe. Under this concept combined a variety of masonry structures: dolmens, avenues of menhirs, and rock gallery-tombs (Gimbutas 2006). In Eastern Europe up to the present time the only known megalithic structures were the dolmens of the Western Caucasus.
In recent years, appeared of megalithic monuments in the southern Urals, dated to the bronze age. Usually they are presented with avenues of menhirs, however, the sizes of these structures were not as impressive. Therefore, to call these megalithic structures with great care. However, studies over the last five years has led to the opening of a brand new Ural type of monuments that can be named megalithic with good reason.
The opening of the Ural dolmens was largely unexpected for experts, especially since it was made not by archaeologists. In the last 10 years the historians had published information about Ural dolmens, located to the North of the city Pyshma, Sverdlovsk region. The initiator of these searches were Cheerful A. A. and V. G. Nepomnyaschiy. They suggested that these are ancient monuments close to Caucasian and European structures of this Continue reading
Notre Dame de Paris
The history of the Cathedral
The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.
Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.
During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.
But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading
The most famous towers of the world
There’s just so much interesting that so want to visit every corner of the Planet. However, to do this, unfortunately, is possible only to units. But to learn something new and interesting. For example, today we talk about the world’s largest constructions.
Talking about famous towers in the world, it is impossible not to remember the very first structure, which had gathered around his erection thousands of people. This, of course, talking about the tower of Babel. the presence of which is confirmed not only by religious legends, but also historical evidence. This tower was a multi-level complex, which ended with the temple of Marduk under his dome.
Very often construction projects of a political or technical importance towered without the ambitions or goals to achieve the level of cultural monuments. That’s what happened with the construction of the world famous Eiffel tower in Paris, which now collects near every day hundreds of tourists from all over the world. Initially it disgusted the French, who considered the erection of ugliness for the whole city. Well-known cultural figures of the time opposed its construction and sent lots of petitions, notes of protest to the city administration. However, the “iron lady” Continue reading