As is often the case in art history, the term “Gothic” was initially a disparaging value. In 1533 Rabelais translated it into French, and a few decades later, Giorgio Vasari referred to him as “the style… characteristic of the Goths”, “ugly and barbaric”. On the other hand, already the medieval Latin adjective used gothicus was applied to the codes, the writing of which differed from scripture of Gotama (Roman writing). Initially the expression “Gothic” indicated the Northern world in contrast to Latin and Mediterranean, a perfect guardian of beauty and harmony. You need to be in the middle of the eighteenth century to better understand this position, English and French art historiography tried to rethink the problem. G. James Hall created a theory according to which the Gothic was born out of primitive wooden structures of the ancient Germans. Recent surveys have restored justice, confirming the invalidity of all illegitimate hypotheses. It is recognized that the Gothic style with artistic autonomy and considerable advantages, in the nineteenth century experienced a real revival, in the twentieth century was filled with symbols of fantasy and fairytales.
Unlike the Romanesque style, different distribution centres which were located almost all throughout the West, the new style was the cradle of Northern France. However, only in the XIX century it became known that the first Continue reading
These ancient builders celebrated the year with two days in the year when the shadow cast by the rising Sun, completely coincide with the shadow of the Sun sunset. We call these the spring and autumn equinox, fall on March 21 and September 21, respectively. It was also known that from one equinox to the other of the same time of year the Sun rises 366 times, appare on, this number was sacred.
Then they outlined a large circle on the ground and it was divided into 366 parts. You have to do only one thing — to repeat the process consisting of the following steps.
1: find a suitable place
Find a relatively flat area, with all sides visible horizon, particularly to the West and the East. You need an area 40 x 40 ft (12 x 12 m) with flat, smooth grass, earth or sand for leveling.
You will need:
1) Two strong smooth stick, a length of approximately 6 feet (1.8 m) and a diameter of several inches. One end should be sharpened;
2) Big hammer or heavy stone;
3) a Short stick with neatly cut ends of a length of about 10 inches (25.4 cm). To facilitate the work make the notches, dividing it into five equal Continue reading
We all know that Gothic with its stately beauty is an ornament of numerous narrow streets and spacious squares in almost all European cities. But as it turned out, at first glance absolutely not typical for Russian architecture of the pointed Gothic roof in Russia, though not often, but also occur. From the late eighteenth century the Gothic elements began to appear in the architectural ensembles of Russian cities.
The majestic Gothic
The Italian word Gothic (gotigo) is translated as “unusual” or “barbaric”. Initially it was used as a swear word. A new interpretation it has received, thanks to Giorgio Vasari, the term “Gothic” was able to separate from each other two epochs – the Renaissance and the middle Ages. Starting with the XII centuries. in art radically changed direction: replacing the luxurious Romanesque style came restrained Gothic. In architecture it is manifested in the appearance of the city’s buildings and Cathedrals:
soaring high, narrow towers
arches with a pointed top,
multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows,
richly decorated with carved details of the facades.
Frame system of Gothic architecture
For Gothic Continue reading