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Gothic architecture

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As is often the case in art history, the term “Gothic” was initially a disparaging value. In 1533 Rabelais translated it into French, and a few decades later, Giorgio Vasari referred to him as “the style… characteristic of the Goths”, “ugly and barbaric”. On the other hand, already the medieval Latin adjective used gothicus was applied to the codes, the writing of which differed from scripture of Gotama (Roman writing). Initially the expression “Gothic” indicated the Northern world in contrast to Latin and Mediterranean, a perfect guardian of beauty and harmony. You need to be in the middle of the eighteenth century to better understand this position, English and French art historiography tried to rethink the problem.  G. James Hall created a theory according to which the Gothic was born out of primitive wooden structures of the ancient Germans. Recent surveys have restored justice, confirming the invalidity of all illegitimate hypotheses. It is recognized that the Gothic style with artistic autonomy and considerable advantages, in the nineteenth century experienced a real revival, in the twentieth century was filled with symbols of fantasy and fairytales.

Origins

Unlike the Romanesque style, different distribution centres which were located almost all throughout the West, the new style was the cradle of Northern France. However, only in the XIX century it became known that the first Continue reading

The St. Vitus Cathedral

The St. Vitus Cathedral

Already more than 600 years, the roofs of Prague Castle can acquire a special charm thanks to the beautiful, ancient spires of St. Vitus Cathedral (St. Vitus Cathedral). This Cathedral is the original name of which is the Cathedral of St. Vitus, St. Wenceslas and St. Adalbert, one of the largest and most special churches in the Czech Republic. Here is the Archbishop of Prague, and here were buried saints, kings, princes and emperors of Bohemia. There was crowned king of Bohemia until 1836. And besides, this Cathedral is a wonderful example of Gothic architecture.

West side

If you go from the second courtyard to the third, then the first thing you notice will be the impressive Western part of the Cathedral of St. Vitus. There is also the main entrance to the Cathedral. This part of the Cathedral is the new, it was built in the late 19th and early 20th century (see history of the St. Vitus Cathedral). The Western part of the Cathedral can be described as: two high towers and a rotunda. The Creator of this rotunda – Frantisek Kysela, was inspired by old Gothic Windows in famous cathedrals in Paris. Notice the four figures at the bottom, two on each side. They are important people in the new reconstruction of the Cathedral.

South side

When you continue your way to III internal courtyard, passing by the Old Provosty yard, you may Continue reading

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