Notre Dame de Paris
The history of the Cathedral
The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.
Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.
During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.
But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading
The structure of the devil.
The medieval buildings, the unrivalled splendor which has been preserved to our days, and probably will for a long time to delight our descendants. It is hard, very hard to believe that such masterpieces created by human hands. By the way, many people do not believe and even claim that has not done the construction without the aid of some supernatural force, most likely evil, or the devil himself. What is this structure?
Churches and cathedrals .
Oh where, where, and to the construction of these facilities, it would seem that the devil is no relation to have no needs, no ancient give they say that the devil drew the plans of the Aachen and Cologne cathedrals. Albert von Balyeat, better known under the name of albert the Great is the author of numerous theological and scientific works, the famous scholar and theologian, took part in the construction of the Cologne Cathedral (the Cathedral was founded in 1248), but because albert the Great all of the above was an astrologer, alchemist and magician. In all probability hence it was rumoured that he was known with the devil and the Cathedral was built not without the help of the latter.
But Aachen Cathedral, construction of which began in the year 796, the ball allegedly built by the Prince of darkness. He started constructed on the ruins of the Roman Thermae (baths) Continue reading
As is often the case in art history, the term “Gothic” was initially a disparaging value. In 1533 Rabelais translated it into French, and a few decades later, Giorgio Vasari referred to him as “the style… characteristic of the Goths”, “ugly and barbaric”. On the other hand, already the medieval Latin adjective used gothicus was applied to the codes, the writing of which differed from scripture of Gotama (Roman writing). Initially the expression “Gothic” indicated the Northern world in contrast to Latin and Mediterranean, a perfect guardian of beauty and harmony. You need to be in the middle of the eighteenth century to better understand this position, English and French art historiography tried to rethink the problem. G. James Hall created a theory according to which the Gothic was born out of primitive wooden structures of the ancient Germans. Recent surveys have restored justice, confirming the invalidity of all illegitimate hypotheses. It is recognized that the Gothic style with artistic autonomy and considerable advantages, in the nineteenth century experienced a real revival, in the twentieth century was filled with symbols of fantasy and fairytales.
Unlike the Romanesque style, different distribution centres which were located almost all throughout the West, the new style was the cradle of Northern France. However, only in the XIX century it became known that the first Continue reading