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Notre Dame de Paris

Notre Dame de Paris

The history of the Cathedral

The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.

Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.

During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.

But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading

Gothic architecture

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As is often the case in art history, the term “Gothic” was initially a disparaging value. In 1533 Rabelais translated it into French, and a few decades later, Giorgio Vasari referred to him as “the style… characteristic of the Goths”, “ugly and barbaric”. On the other hand, already the medieval Latin adjective used gothicus was applied to the codes, the writing of which differed from scripture of Gotama (Roman writing). Initially the expression “Gothic” indicated the Northern world in contrast to Latin and Mediterranean, a perfect guardian of beauty and harmony. You need to be in the middle of the eighteenth century to better understand this position, English and French art historiography tried to rethink the problem.  G. James Hall created a theory according to which the Gothic was born out of primitive wooden structures of the ancient Germans. Recent surveys have restored justice, confirming the invalidity of all illegitimate hypotheses. It is recognized that the Gothic style with artistic autonomy and considerable advantages, in the nineteenth century experienced a real revival, in the twentieth century was filled with symbols of fantasy and fairytales.

Origins

Unlike the Romanesque style, different distribution centres which were located almost all throughout the West, the new style was the cradle of Northern France. However, only in the XIX century it became known that the first Continue reading

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