Notre Dame de Paris
The history of the Cathedral
The term “Gothic” (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) emerged in the Renaissance. Gothic called any art which did not conform to classical antiquity forms. In art history it is customary to distinguish early, Mature (high) and late(“flamboyant”) Gothic.
Among the cathedrals of early Gothic architecture the most majestic and, of course, the famous Notre Dame de Paris (Notre Dame Cathedral). The construction of the Cathedral on île de La Cité was begun in the XII century on the initiative of the Paris Bishop Maurice de Sully. and lasted nearly 170 years. The first stone was laid by the king Louis VII in 1163 G.
During this period the Romanesque style gradually gave way to Gothic. It is the synthesis of two architectural styles, the Notre-Dame de Paris owes its unique appearance. This is not a squat Romanesque Church, but not yet soaring Gothic Church.
But still new style prevails: in the contours of the Cathedral reign of vertical and pointed forms. Thanks to tapering upwards wall niches and narrow Windows with tracery columns, Cathedral “flows”. A flat surface is minimized, as if the building consists of a game of volumes, the contrasts of light and shade. Especially plastic nature of the architecture of Notre Dame expressive in Eastern Continue reading
A brief introduction to the history of Gothic art as
Subculture-a subculture, but the story need to know :p
Gothic style, art style, which appeared to be the final stage in the development of medieval art in Western, Central and partly Eastern Europe (between the mid-12th and 15th-16th centuries.). The term “Gothic” was introduced in the Renaissance as pejorative designation of all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. Since the beginning of the 19th century when the art of the 10 — 12th centuries. adopted the term Romanesque style, were limited to the chronological framework of Gothic, it was identified early, Mature (high) and late phase. Gothic developed in countries dominated by the Catholic Church, and under the auspices of the feudal and ecclesiastical foundations remained in the ideology and culture of the Gothic era. Gothic art remained primarily a cult for the intended purpose and religious topics: it was correlated with eternity, with “higher” irrational forces. For Gothic, a characteristic of symbolic-allegorical thinking and conventionality of the artistic language. From the Romanesque Gothic architecture inherited the headship of the architecture in the system of the arts and traditional types of buildings. Special place in art was Gothic Cathedral — the highest example of synthesis of architecture, sculpture and painting (predominantly. stained-glass Windows). Incommensurable with the man the space of the Cathedral, verticalism its towers and arches, the subordination of sculpture architural dynamic rhythms, multi-colored glow of stained glass had a strong emotional impact on believers. Continue reading
Hluboka nad Vltavou – fairytale castle in the Czech Republic
Originally, this Gothic structure had the function of a fortress, and was built in the XIII century. After that, he changed many owners, each of which contributed in its design and interior. At first the fortress had the name of Frohnburg (Frauenberg) was founded and according to the information a variety of sources whether by king Otakar II, the Czech nobleman from Budejovice.
After that, for many centuries, the castle literally went from hand to hand in payment of a debt, a pledge, just in connection with the sale, succeeding with 26 owners.
Here are just some of the names by which hluboká nad Vltavou is today, the kind that will admire everyone:
– The family of Pernstein, who lived in the late fifteenth century, decided to plant in the estate of fish, so here was dug a huge artificial pond – Bezdrev.
– In the next century the building passed into the possession of the lords of Hradec, which gave him the face that matches the spirit of the time – it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style.
– The application of forces other, less well-known owners in the reconstruction of the castle has led to the fact that it has its own brewery and winery.
But the most notable changes we can see today, overlooking the castle Hluboka nad Vltavou, made people from the kind of Schwarzenberg.
Having a considerable state Continue reading