Gothic roof in Russia
We all know that Gothic with its stately beauty is an ornament of numerous narrow streets and spacious squares in almost all European cities. But as it turned out, at first glance absolutely not typical for Russian architecture of the pointed Gothic roof in Russia, though not often, but also occur. From the late eighteenth century the Gothic elements began to appear in the architectural ensembles of Russian cities.
The majestic Gothic
The Italian word Gothic (gotigo) is translated as “unusual” or “barbaric”. Initially it was used as a swear word. A new interpretation it has received, thanks to Giorgio Vasari, the term “Gothic” was able to separate from each other two epochs – the Renaissance and the middle Ages. Starting with the XII centuries. in art radically changed direction: replacing the luxurious Romanesque style came restrained Gothic. In architecture it is manifested in the appearance of the city’s buildings and Cathedrals:
soaring high, narrow towers
arches with a pointed top,
multicolor stained glass Lancet Windows,
richly decorated with carved details of the facades.
Frame system of Gothic architecture
For Gothic style it is very important that each element of the structure sought to emphasize the vertical . The cult mission, strict adherence to religious topics of the Christian worldview, facing the might of divine power and philosophical perception of eternity, are the characteristic features of this direction in art. Gothic architecture is always eerily magnificent building.
The emergence of the Gothic in Russia
In medieval Russia on the development of art heavily under the influence of Byzantine civilization. It is believed that for this reason, the Gothic has long been unknown to our country. So firmly believe one could argue, referring to the appearance of the pointed towers of the Moscow Kremlin.
At first glance, they do have a vague resemblance to European Gothic. But they cannot be attributed to the Gothic style because, quite certain that the Gothic style appeared in Russian architecture only in the late eighteenth century and the Moscow Kremlin was built much earlier. C the emergence in Russia of neo-Gothic style replaced the bulkiness and massiveness in architecture came skyrocketing grace. This style is liked by the Russian people and is reflected in the architecture and in the decorative and applied arts, stylistic design Palace interiors of the Royal families, estates and mansions of the nobility who were inclined to the theatricalization of everyday life and his life in General.
In the Russian neo-Gothic architecture the main features are available:
arched skeleton structures,
narrow high towers,
aspiring to heaven slender peak and the steeples.
The first Russian neo-Gothic buildings are considered to be the Chesmensky Palace and the Chesma Church, built near St. Petersburg in the period from по1780 1774, by the famous architect Y. M. Felton.
Characteristic Gothic revival features are also well observed in Moscow Tsaritsyno Royal residence, the construction of which for ten years was headed by the architect V. I. Bazhenov.
In addition, a typical example of the Gothic style, is erected by the architect Bogdanovich in 1901-1911. Moscow Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate conception of the virgin Mary.
Examples of medieval Gothic rich Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation (the territory of former Prussia). These lands preserved estimated that more than twenty castles and numerous churches. Unfortunately many of the attractions today are in a deplorable state. Directly in Kaliningrad remained fifteen city gates, the impressive number of churches designed in the Gothic revival style and beautiful medieval Cathedral.
Despite the impressive dimensions of the Gothic cathedrals, it creates a feeling of lightness and elegance. This effect is apparently obtained due to the presence of elongated towers and arched Windows, with stained glass Windows. In Gothic special attention is paid to room lighting. An intricate play of light help to create a colorful stained-glass Windows, through which penetrates inside the invisible sunlight.