Catacombs, as a term, means from the Greek for erosion depression. These are the ancient underground cemeteries, which were mainly used for shelter in Rome. Many of the Christian and Jewish communities during the persecutions of the first and subsequent centuries was hidden here.
Christian catacombs have their origin, according to most experts, that of the second century. And until the mid-fifth century, their total volume was significantly expanded. The most important buildings of this kind, which were intended for burial in the Italian tradition, located on the outskirts of cities and towns. In funeral rites, which arose between the second and fourth centuries in Rome, there is a lot of interesting things. Originally, there were only burial, where Christians met in terms of funeral rites.
In times of persecution this chain of buildings only used in exceptional cases as a shelter. At that time there were in Rome above-ground cemeteries, which were probably widespread. They will be used in the future by Christians for several reasons. This attitude of Christians to the theme and philosophy of death created space problems, which largely influenced the development of culture in the catacombs. Using the surface of the cemeteries, the available space was soon exhausted, because the graves were used only once. The catacombs have solved this problem economically, Continue reading