Ancient underground structures


a survey on the construction of the underground railroad in Moscow appeared at city Council repeatedly: in 1902, was considered the project of engineer P. I. Balinskiy, in 1912 — the project of engineer P. P. yureneva and others. In 1918-1920 architectural Studio, headed by A. V. Shchusev and I. V. Zholtovsky, in the reconstruction of the capital was proposed to construct the subway. This quick and convenient form of transport attracted the attention of specialists. But the need for it at the time is not yet ripe. If the existing sizes of passenger traffic could still do without the metro.

Before 1917, Moscow was served by two modes of public passenger transport — tram and horse riding. In the first years of Soviet power have increased the number of tram routes, and in 1924 opened bus traffic. By 1931 the population of the capital compared with the pre-revolutionary time has doubled. Moscow had a dense network of tram tracks and about 200 buses. 90% the volume of passenger transportation had the tram 9% — on the bus. The trams were overloaded beyond measure. On the bus was talking about how foreign the new. Then there was the need to build an underground road.

In 1931 on the basis of conducted surveys and engineering-geological Continue reading

Germany: Stuttgart and Cologne

Germany: Stuttgart and Cologne

Next stop after a trip along the Romantic road in Germany was planned in Stuttgart. However, Die Straße Romantishe took longer than we had planned (and less than we wanted, when we realized where you were, and so we went at once to Cologne, where we had booked a hotel. Well, in Stuttgart got on the next day, thus making a hook under 750 miles. However, on the German autobahn so much nezdice. So, Stuttgart:


In this city I, of course, attracted and enticed the historical fact, which is closely and inseparably linked with Mercedes Benz. Here is the headquarters of the most famous, the oldest of the German automaker. Well, besides all other the most, Mercedes for me personally is, perhaps, the most respected car brand. Well, or one of the most respected.

In that part of town, where he established the company with a three-beam star, in addition to headquarters, there is a Museum of this brand. I have with great pleasure visited.

What can I say about this Museum? Much and long about him to speak, choking on the saliva and positive emotions From all automuseum that I already visited, this is, perhaps, the best. And the most well organized. In the price (8 Euro) includes use of interactive audio guide, which Continue reading

Dictionary – Cultural Studies


Australopithecus (from the Latin South, with the Greek – and the monkey) – the family of fossil anthropoid obezyanu.

Animism (from Latin – soul, spirit) – the belief in duhovnost all of the objects and phenomena of material and non-material world, i.e. what people, objects and phenomena govern the souls and spirits In the early development And the spirits and souls were directly related to material thing and even shared her dollars.Olya.

Dolmens (bratop with a table and stone) ancient burial structures of several stone blocks and slabs of great size (up to tens of thousands of pounds), vertical and horizon blocked by the massive untilnow stove D belong to different archaeological apopk.

Zarubintsy culture is the archaeological culture; the ancient tribes that lived along the middle and upper Dnieper, middle Pripyat and Desna in her century BC – I-II VV n e there are more than 300 settlements and burial grounds, of which more than 100 p – on the territory of Ukraine Media 3 To lived in a small, predominantly fortified settlements on inaccessible headlands high banks In the composition of each settlement consisted of 20-30 people; engaged in the cattle orstom, farming, fishing, hunting; had developed remesel craft.

Gold hill – 1) barrow, located 5 km Northwest of Simferopol Poured over bronze age burials In the mound was buried (V century BC) Scythian Continue reading